Why wisdom tooth is called wisdom tooth? to extract or not??

Why wisdom tooth is called wisdom tooth? to extract or not??

We always keep wondering why wisdom tooth is called wisdom tooth? Wootooth has got answers to all the questions you have been wondering regarding your wisdom tooth.

Got its name” wisdom tooth” from the age during which it erupts.

A wisdom tooth or third molar erupts at 17-25 years of age.

This is the age at which men and women become adults and presumably wiser. As we say you get wisdom at this age.

If adults have been called up for an unknown pain at the back of your teeth, there are high chances that your wisdom tooth is erupting.

Why does wisdom tooth hurt?

Jaws develop in a downward and forward direction. The growth of the jaw and movement occurs in the forward direction, so anything that interferes with such a moment will cause a decreased space.

Nature tries to eliminate the disused organs.

Due to changing nutritional habits, use of large powerful jaws has been practically eliminated. Thus, over centuries the jaw decreased in size leaving insufficient room for third molars.

Heredity is the most common cause. The hereditary transmission of small jaws and large teeth from parents to siblings.

By this age, all your teeth have erupted. Lack of space in the mouth prevents your wisdom tooth from erupting in the mouth. A wisdom tooth is positioned against another tooth, bone or gums so that its further eruption is unlikely.

Symptoms of wisdom tooth pain

Difficulty opening the mouth


Bad breath


Jaw ache

Unpleasant taste

What happens when you don’t get a wisdom tooth extracted?

Pain in the jaw and back side of mouth without any apparent cause of PAIN

Pericoronitis  (a soft tissue flap covering the erupting wisdom tooth)

Tooth decay : 3% to 15% of the wisdom tooth are present with decay due to inaccessibility of cleaning the area.

Difficulty eating


Facial swelling of the affected side

Raised temperature of the body

Lymph nodes enlargement

Risk of Cyst and Tumour development: Formation of follicular cyst in 1 to 5 %; Tumors arising in the follicular (Dentigerous cysts) in 0.1 to 0.2%

How long does wisdom tooth growing pain last?

It depends on a lot of factors actually.

It takes about three months to three years usually if the jaw size is giving enough space for at least half the tooth to erupt.

If it’s the horizontal teeth, it may not erupt ever. If it’s a horizontal tooth, it would push you back, and front teeth later, which would become crowded teeth later.

So take care, and do not hesitate to visit your dentist to find out what it’s going on beneath the surface of gum.

When do I need my wisdom tooth removed?

When your wisdom tooth has erupted more than 1/3 but less than ⅔ in the mouth.

When you don’t have any associated pain or infection since local anesthesia doesn’t work in infection.

Completely asymptomatic (painless)

Should I get my wisdom tooth removed?

A strong indication for removal of wisdom tooth should be complemented with a strong contraindication to its retention.

If your tooth is completely asymptomatic and is not causing any problem you can keep it.

Wisdom tooth extraction complications

Every surgery comes with some complications.



Trismus (difficulty opening the mouth)


Jaw pain

Dry socket  

Incidence between 3% and 25%.  

Higher in smokers and Females taking oral contraceptives.  

Occurs during the 3rd – 4th post operated day

The goal of dry socket treatment is relief of pain  

Irrigation of extraction site & Placement of eugenol dressing  

Pain usually resolves within 3-5 days but up to 10 to 14 days.

Other complications

Ringing, singing or buzzing sound in the ear

Dimness of the vision


Pain and swelling of the face

Trismus (difficulty opening the mouth)

Wisdom tooth removal recovery tips

Pressure pack

Ice application 1 hour after the surgery

Wisdom teeth recovery food??

Try to eat cold food items for the first 24 hours of surgery to reduce swelling.

A soft diet should be taken for the first two days

1st dose of analgesic should be taken before the anesthetic effect of Local anesthesia wears off.

Avoid strenuous exercises for first 24 hours.

Avoid gargling/spitting/smoking/drinking with a straw.

Warm water saline gargling after 24 hours. Use mouthwashes regularly thereafter.

Suture removal on the 5th Postoperative day.

Pain 10 days after wisdom teeth removal?

Dry socket wisdom teeth

20% of the extraction of mandibular 3rd molar

2% of routine extraction

Dry socket symptoms

Moderate to severe pain develops generally on the third or fourth day after surgery.

Dull aching pain usually radiates to ear

Bad breath

Unpleasant taste

What does dry socket look like?

A dry socket feels like an empty socket or a dry hole at the site of wisdom tooth.

How to prevent dry socket?

A dislodged clot after tooth extraction can cause a dry socket.

Dry socket happens mostly due to smoking or if you don’t brush or floss properly.

Dry socket can be prevented by avoiding smoking for at least a week after wisdom tooth extraction and maintaining proper hygiene.

Avoid drinking through a straw after surgery.

Dry socket treatment

Dry socket is treated with antifibrinolytic agents and painkillers.

Gentle irrigation with warm saline followed by superficial suctioning helps to relieve pain.

Pack iodoform gauze soaked with medications by your dentist and changed every day for 3-6 days.

Have your dentist check your wisdom teeth.

Your dentist can help you decide what’s right for you.

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